In general, the Local Government Area (LGA) is created to bring good governance-oriented government nearer to the people, to engender and ensure a general sense of belonging in the grassroot communities. Economic cycles especially related to growth cycles have implications for long-term growth and development, hence the need to safeguard stable increases in economic activity in the local government areas. In order to optimally do this, resources have to be harnessed and prudently utilized with the sole purpose of eliminating wastes. This way, government’s developmental efforts will not only produce results but also LGA leaders will be aware of the best manner to allocate the resources at their disposal and apply them efficiently. Any LGA which aspires to achieve poverty eradication, good governance, high literacy rate and quality education for its inhabitants, reduce child and maternal mortality, empower the youth, among others must plan to succeed using its available scarce resources to deliver societal-uplifting programmes. In other words, the LGA Economic Growth Model has the onerous task of identifying and selecting growth pillars, in particular, products within agricultural or manufacturing sectors of the local economy which will be promoted through systematic value chain planning, to generate increased economic values that will spur growth in the rest of the LGA by means of value chain dynamics.
Development planning can be top-down or bottom-up. The former is no longer in vogue, as past failures to capture the aspirations of local residents for whom development planning envisages the betterment of their living standards have given rise to the abandonment of that approach for the reign of the latter. Nonetheless, there is a sense in which the latter has to be combined with the former for completeness of development aspirations in a federal setting where function of levels of government overlap. In effect, state development agendas are cascaded to the local or even federal development goals flow to the states especially in democratic settings where the same party, using the same manifesto, win elections at federal, state and local government levels. Hence, this project, which envisages a cascading of the state governments six-point agenda.
HISTORY OF THE IBADAN SOUTH WEST LGA/LCDAS
The old Ibadan South West Local Government was carved out of the defunct Ibadan Municipal Government (IMG) on August 27, 1991, during the regime of the former Military President, General Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida. It had a land mass of about 244.55km square. The feature made it one of the largest Local Government in Oyo State.
The old Ibadan South West Local Government was approximately 150km from Lagos through direct route and 659km from Abuja, the Federal Capital Territory. It was bounded by Ibadan North West and Ido Local Government in the west and by Ibadan South East Local Government in the East.
The then Ibadan South West Local Government had a population of 283,098 according to the final result of 2006 census released by the National Population Census (NPC). There were eighty-five (85) Primary Schools and thirty-six Secondary Schools within the Local Government area. The current Ibadan South-West Local Government with its administrative headquarters at Oluyole Estate, M.K.O, Abiola way was evolved in accordance with the Oyo State of Nigeria Gazatte No.21, Vol.41 published on 20th of October, 2016 titled: Local Government (further Amendment) Law 2016 and signed into by His Excellency, the Executive Governor of the State Senator Abiola Ajimobi on 6th of October, 2016. The indigenous language of he people of Ibadan South-West Local Government is Yoruba.
Ibadan South West LGA is divided into:
|1||IBADAN SOUTH WEST||OLUYOLE|
|2||IBADAN WEST (LCDA)||ALESINLOYE|
In the 2016/2017 academic year, there are about forty seven (47) Primary Schools, Thirteen (13) Secondary Schools in the LGA. There currently exists 1 Specialist hospital, 3 dental centre, 8 primary health centers, 1 Tuberculosis Clinic, 1 Health Clinic, 5 private hospitals, 2 Private Clinic, 1 Private Lab and 1 Private Maternity Center. The total number of public health personnel by sex are: Male 2 and Female, 41. The LGA thus has a low doctor-population ratio ((4/100,000) = 1:400,000) and Nurses/midwives – population ration ((2/1000) 1:2000).
Economic profile of the LGA
The major sources of income of the inhabitants are Trading, SMEs, artisan and transport service. There are 10 financial institutions which provide means of financial intermediation, and some registered cooperative societies in the L.G.A for economic inclusion. The Small-Scale Industries in the LGA operate in:
- Bakery factory,
- Pure water factories
- Poultry, fishery farming
The main non-state actors (NSAs) (i.e. NGOs, CBOs, CSOs etc.) include:
- Empowerment of women, widow and orphan initiative
- Child protection network
- Children rights foundation
- Star children Initiative
These NSAs have in one way or the other contributed to youth empowerment programmes, health education, HIV/AIDS sensitization, savings and credit schemes, and information communication and technology. Specifically, their achievements include:
- Sensitization programme on HIV/AIDS rural communities.
- Computer Training for youth
The economic potentials in Ibadan South West LGA straddle the area of Trading, SMEs, artisan and transport service. The local government authority in the past provided poverty reduction and economic empowerment programmes. It also presented revolving loans to women in the LGA, and employment to the disabled, and soft loans to small scale farmers. These are done with the singular purpose of aligning with the 6-point Agenda of the State government. The full details of activities showing the LGAs alignment with the Oyo State Government 6-point Agenda are contained in Appendix Table 1.
Having thoroughly examined the Local Government Economic Growth Model (LGEGM) of Ibadan South West Local Government as forwarded by the Office of the Special Adviser to the Governor on Economic Planning and Budget for review and final validation.
I wish to state that immediately the file got to my table, work commenced and several collaborations were made with the Local Council Development Area in order to identify the key Economic flash points that were omitted in the course of compilation of the forwarded growth model.